Facts

The “New” Seven Wonders of the World

In my previous post I mentioned that for this month I will be attempting to improve my general knowledge. So yesterday I wrote about the original 7 wonders of the World, but did you know on the 7th of July 2007 an organisation announced a ‘new’ set of the 7 Wonders of the World. This organisation was the New7Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland. They based their answers on online voting from around the world.


The ‘new’ Wonders of the World are:

1) Chichen Itza, Mexico – Mayan City
2) Christ Redeemer, Brazil – Large Statue
3) The Great Wall, China
4) Machu Picchu, Peru
5) Petra, Jordan – Ancient City
6) The Roman Colosseum, Italy
7) The Taj Mahal, India

All of these wonders, unlike the original Wonders, are still available and are the worlds greatest tourist attractions.

1) Chichen Itza, Mexico – Mayan City
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  • Chichen Itza was a large city built by the Maya people that was very prosperous from 600 AD until 1221 AD.
  • The most famous of the Maya archaeological sites in the state of Yucatan. Maya were not an empire but a collection of autonomous* ( (of a country or region) having the freedom to govern itself or control its own affairs.) city-states.
  • Chichen Itza was an important Maya temple-cities.
  • El Castillo (the image above) dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site.
  • Chichen Itza was thought to be a religious area that later became a site for pilgrimage. A lot of combinations of cultures and diversity can be seen through the architecture of this city.

2)Christ Redeemer, Brazil – Large Statue

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  • Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • built in 1931 as a symbol of Brazil’s Christianity.
  • took 9yrs to finish
  • located in the Tijuca Forest National Forest, at the top of the Corcovado Mountain.
  • The statue represents that Christ loves all and will embrace all that come to him.
  • In today’s currency, it cost 3.2 million US dollars

 3) The Great Wall, China

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  • Great Wall of China is the longest structure ever built by humans.
  • The first parts of the wall were built over 2000 years ago.
  • State Chu first built the wall. It was during the Qin Dynasty that the kingdom of Qin united the different parts into one empire. The wall was built to protect against invaders
  • Some parts are in ruins and vandalised while other parts of the wall is still standing and protected
  • Rumours that astronauts can see the Great Wall of China from the Moon with the naked eye are untrue

4) Machu Picchu, Peru

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  • 15th Century site
  • located between two mountains
  • Famous because of the cites excellent conditions, mountain scenery and quality of architecture
  • Largely Intact as the city had never been visited by the Spanish conquistadors.

5) Petra, Jordan – Ancient City

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  • Ancient City located between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea
  • known as the ‘rose City’ due to the colour of the rocks
  • the city is half man-made and half carved into rocks, which makes the details and the architecture even more breathtaking
  • This Ancient City is also considered a new Wonder of the World due to the great water system of the city even through it is half engraved in rocks. There was enough water for its 30,000 citizens and to turn the desert into lush garden greens.
  • UNESCO  described Petra as ‘one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage’.
  • Biblical references refer to Petra as ‘the cleft in the rock’.
  • Trading City

6) The Roman Colosseum, Italy

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  • It is an amphitheatre. This is an open air venue used for entertainment and Sports.
  • Largest amphitheatre in the world.
  • Could hold 50,000 people
  • Earthquake and Stone Robbers left it in ruins
  • Took 9 years to build
  • Even today this structure could not be built in 9 years

7) The Taj Mahal, India

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  • Mausoleum i.e a building containing burial chambers
  • Taj Mahal : ‘Crown of Palaces’
  • It was built as the final resting place for Mumtaz Mahal, the third wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
  • includes a large garden, a reflecting pool, a mosque and other mausoleums.
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